Au cours de son pèlerinage à la Mecque il séjourna au Caire où il distribua l'or en provision, ce qui lui valurent une réputation extraordinaire. Ce pèlerinage eut de multiples conséquences sur l'histoire ultérieure du Soudan Occidental : l'Egypte, le Maghreb, le Portugal et les villes marchandes d'Italie s'intéressèrent de plus en plus au Mali. Mansa Moussa contribua lui-même largement à donner a son Empire une image d'Eldorado.
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Le quart de siècle que dura le règne de Mansa Moussa 1er fut marqué par une sage administration de l'Empire.
Mansa Moussa encouragea et soutint le commerce qui connut désormais une protection étatique garantie par le pouvoir Central. La stabilité politique, la paix qui caractérisaient son règne, favorisèrent le commerce. Les pistes caravanières étaient très sûres.
Les hommes étaient libres de travailler, de commercer, de prospérer comme ils le pouvaient. Combien étaient-ils? Probablement quelques centaines, au mieux quelques milliers. Mais complètement faux!
Il existe effectivement à Tombouctou un Coran écrit à Ceuta, au nord du Maroc, en Ibrahim b. Thus we can represent the first seven generations of the Baghayogho clan in a diagram: Fig. Hadj Ahmed b. Alfa Ahmed Bagnio b. Ahmad Bagnio 49 b. Mohammed ben al-Fa Wangara, called Banyon, born toward and alive at the end of the First World War, is mentioned by Marty as Wakore of Kong origins, belonging to the Tidiania sect of the zaouia of Fez Marty , t.
II: He seems to be the grandfather of Hasseye Mahmoud B. In Search of Origins 34When looking for the last Wangara in Djenné, Seriba Touré of the Sankoré quarter tried to convince me that the Wakore were Arabs, but Ba Hasseye Maiga, the chief of the Songhay quarter of Djenné insisted they were merchants of Soninke origin and still represented by certain families in Konofia quarter—still today called Wangarakunda.
And that some lived in the Bajinde quarter of Timbuktu, also called Wangarakunda, next to Djamaikunda, quarter of the blacksmiths, behind the Sidi Yahya mosque. Therefore, I visited Timbuktu in early and looked for the guardian of the Sidi Yahya mosque and was introduced to Hasseye Mahmoud Baghayogho.
He claimed to be the last descendant of the Wangara and the Baghayogho in Timbuktu and that his ancestors were Soninke from Ghana installed in Kong for centuries. He added that his family had been the owners of the caravanserail of the Azalai, the annual salt caravan to Taoudenni 50 , until the Touareg revolt of He further mentioned a branch at Séguéla which he visited occasionally Following up these claims I visited the chiefs and elders of Faragouaran in the Wasulu in —a village entirely peopled by Baghayogho, noumou and horon.
They told me 53 their origins were with pilgrims to Mecca who visited the kalif at Bagdad, and therefore took the name Bagadaji, or Baga-yoro place of Bagdad.
They also claim to have given Imams to the Diakhanké, a claim which could not be verified in Dia, where the dyamou clan is not represented, but for Diakha near Kayes While Wombo remained at Kelenya, Zanifing went to Niakoni and his descendants founded Bolou, Moussa installed himself at Danou, and Nfamoussa migrated south in search of richer lands and founded Koro. Les relations ont été bonnes entre Samory et Koro qui a bénéficié de la destruction de Borotou [Boron?
At Séguéla, karamoko Yousouf Baghayogho was recognized by the French as one of the most influential Muslims of his time, who claimed first his origin from Timbuktu, and second that the Diomandé Kamara had called the Baghayoghos to Séguéla in order to convert the animist Bambara.
Il se mit en route et arriva à Dabala, près du confluent du Boa et de la Férédougouba.
Mankono comprend une majorité de musulmans où dominent les Cissé, les Bamba, les Sérifou, mais surtout les Barhayorho et les Fofana. The Kamara called themselves Dion-Mande, i. The conquest of these animist areas could not take place without magic practices, namely by marabouts, the Maninka Mori. Ce sont des Sarakollés du Moyen Niger très anciennement islamisés, commerçants depuis une date assez reculée.
They travelled together to help Konsaba but separated at Odienné. According to le Campion, twelve saints settled the region after their joint pilgrimage to Mecca.
Moussa prêta son concours, les Yafouba furent razziés et la victoire acquise aux Diomandé. Alors que celui-ci était à Tombouctou, un des chefs Diomandé du Gbeka région de Borotou demanda à un marabout de Sifuula, du nom de Mya Samoo Kiaaté [Kouyaté], de venir faire des prières afin que son village devienne puissant.
Des pêcheurs […] avertirent El Hadj Moussa Bakayoko.
Celui-ci lui dit de partir. Cet événement se serait produit vers la fin du seizième siècle. Unfortunately, the name Mousa is conspicuously absent from the genealogy of the Timbuktu family. As other Soninke clans like Kamaghate, Timité, Fofana, Sanogo, and Bamba were involved—all of whom are not only represented in the north-western but also the north-eastern Ivory Coast in Kong, Bouna or Boundoukou , and Ghana together with Sylla, Diaby, Doukouré and Konaté—the Soninke predominance in the diaspora does not appear to be a coincidence.
Bijini is said to have been founded by the Baayo, the Daabo, Saama and Kasama families whom we will meet later. As related by Fr.
Barreira and Almeida, the Mandinka kingdoms in the Gambia and Sierra Leone were established in the s and the kings baptized around Massing Therefore he invited a Muslim of Zitenga and named him the first Imam. They adopted Islam from him.
This Muslim Mustafa Bagayogo was member of a family of Timbuktu origin, who installed himself first at Mane and at Zitenga, both in Mossi. Two of his brothers, Ngadi and Sigiri, became Muslims. But he was himself at war with the Muslim chief of Mane, who had a conflict with his own son Zitenga Naba Kougri. In I contacted the Mane Yalse who confirmed their origin from Mali and showed me a certain number of Arabic tarikh, which we had no time to translate.
His children scattered. His first son was Abubakar who called himself Imam Youré and installed himself in the land of Zitenga, which is under the region of Ziniaré. Abubakar, son fils, Imam Youré; II. Idriss, frère de Mahmoud, de la même mère; V.
Ahmadi, de même mère que Mokhtar; VII. Mahamadi, fils de Ousman; IX.